Solubility investigations in the amorphous calcium magnesium carbonate system

Bettina Purgstaller, Katja Götschl, Vasileios Mavromatis, Martin Dietzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Amorphous precursors are known to occur in the early stages of carbonate mineral formation in both biotic and abiotic environments. Although the Mg content of amorphous calcium magnesium carbonate (ACMC) is a crucial factor for its temporal stabilization, to date little is known about its control on ACMC solubility. Therefore, amorphous Ca x Mg 1-x CO 3 ·nH 2 O solids with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 and 0.4 ≤ n ≤ 0.8 were synthesized and dispersed in MgCl 2 -NaHCO 3 buffered solutions at 24.5 ± 0.5 °C. The chemical evolution of the solution and the precipitate clearly shows an instantaneous exchange of ions between ACMC and aqueous solution. The obtained ion activity product for ACMC (IAP ACMC = "solubility product") increases as a function of its Mg content ([Mg] ACMC = (1 - x) × 100 in mol%) according to the expression: log(IAP ACMC ) = 0.0174 (±0.0013) × [Mg] ACMC - 6.278 (±0.046) (R 2 = 0.98), where the log(IAP ACMC ) shift from Ca (-6.28 ± 0.05) to Mg (-4.54 ± 0.16) ACMC endmember, can be explained by the increasing water content and changes in short-range order, as Ca is substituted by Mg in the ACMC structure. The results of this study shed light on the factors controlling ACMC solubility and its temporal stability in aqueous solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Solubility investigations in the amorphous calcium magnesium carbonate system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this