Spectral emissivities and emissivity X-points of pure molybdenum and tungsten

Claus Cagran, Gernot Pottlacher*, M. Rink, W. Bauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Prediction methods for thermophysical properties of metals and alloys such as emissivity are of great interest not only for science but also for the metal working industry as time-consuming and often expensive measurements may not be required. As recent results have shown, an assumed Hagen-Rubens relation for the prediction of emissivity based on electrical resistivity results was not found in the visible spectra. Within this work normal spectral emissivity results obtained with two complete different techniques are presented. On one hand, a multi-wavelength-pyrometry (MWLP) approach has been used to obtain emissivity as a function of temperature at 684.5, 902, and 1570 nm, and on the other hand, a radiance-comparison method was used to obtain emissivity isotherms as a function of wavelength for a range starting from 1 to 24 μm. From results of the radiance-comparison measurements an intersection of the isotherms, often referred to as the emissivity x-point, was found for both investigated materials, tungsten and molybdenum. According to these results, the x-point wavelengths are given by λ x = 1.41 μm for tungsten and λ x = 1.55 μm for molybdenum. Based on these x-points and the MWLP measurements, a new prediction method for the liquid-phase behavior of emissivity is developed and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1015
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005


  • Emissivity x-point
  • Molybdenum
  • Multi-wavelength pyrometry
  • Normal spectral emissivity
  • Radiance comparison
  • Tungsten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science


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