Strategic Supplier Selection: The Importance of Process Formality in Non-Automated Supplier Selection Decisions

Manuel Woschank, Patrick Dallasega, Bernd Markus Zunk, Corina Pacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Industry 4.0 mainly focuses on the application of modern technologies (digitalization) and the changing role of human beings (digital transformation) in modern production and logistics systems. Besides the basic principles of digitalization, interconnectivity, and autonomization, the importance of human-centered decision-making processes, such as the selection of strategic suppliers, is also increasing, as complex, novel, and unstructured decisions cannot be fully computerized. In this context, there is still a lack of understanding of which formal patterns in the strategic supplier selection process will lead to better supplier performance. Until now, most of the literature emphasizes a minor number of process-related factors in the strategic supplier selection process leading to limited support for the individual decision-maker. This study introduces a cause-effect model that extends prior research by investigating the impact of process formality, as a comprehensive measurement construct of target-, information-, organization-, and heuristics-related process factors in the strategic supplier selection process on supplier performance and purchaser satisfaction. Based on the usage of variance-based structural equation modeling in a large-scale field study, a significant relationship between process formality and supplier performance as well as between process formality and purchaser satisfaction is substantiated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2094853
JournalCogent Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Supplier Selection Decision
  • Strategic Supplier Selection
  • Process Formality
  • Industry 4.0
  • Purchaser Satisfaction
  • process formality
  • Logistics 4.0
  • Smart Logistics
  • supplier performance
  • purchaser satisfaction
  • Strategic supplier selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Engineering(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Sonstiges
  • Sustainable Systems


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