Temperature related properties of solid birch wood under quasi-static and dynamic bending

Georg Baumann*, Reinhard Brandner, Ulrich Müller, Cedou Kumpenza, Alexander Stadlmann, Florian Feist

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The projectWoodC.A.R. investigates the capabilities of wood and engineered wood-products (EWPs) for their application as a load-bearing material in automotive applications. For crash-relevant
components, materials have to provide a high impact bending energy over a wide range of climatic conditions. This study investigates the effect of temperature on the bending behavior of solid birch wood beams (800 × 90 × 43 mm3 ) under quasi-static and dynamic loading. Specimens were exposed to a three-point bending test with lateral confinement, replicating the hypothetical installation environment in a car, at five temperature levels: −30 ◦C, 0 ◦C, +30 ◦C, +60 ◦C, and +90 ◦C. A cylindrical impactor (D = 254 mm, m = 91 kg) was propelled against the center of the beam with an initial velocity of 8.89 m/s (dynamic) and at a constant velocity of 10 mm/min (quasi-static), respectively.
Specimens were conditioned in a freezer and a climate chamber, respectively. Temperature was monitored prior and during testing. Bulk density and global fiber deviation were determined
afterwards. In both, the dynamic and the quasi-static load case maximum force slightly decreased with increasing temperature, but remained almost constant at temperatures exceeding +30 ◦C.
On average, the maximum dynamic peak force level was twice as high as in quasi-static tests. In the quasi-static tests, the energy absorption remained constant at elevated temperatures (+30 ◦C to
+90 ◦C) but decreased by about 50% at lower temperatures −30 ◦C and 0 ◦C. In the dynamic tests, the energy absorption remained almost constant throughout the entire temperature range.
Translated title of the contributionTemperaturabhängige Eigenschaften von Birkenvollholz unter quasi-statischer und dynamischer Biegung
Original languageEnglish
Article number5518
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2020


  • Birch
  • Energy absorption
  • Loading velocity
  • Temperature-effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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