The 2021 room-temperature superconductivity roadmap

Boeri Lilia*, Richard Hennig, Peter Hirschfeld, Gianni Profeta, Antonio Sanna, Eva Zurek, Warren E. Pickett, Maximilian Amsler, Ranga Dias, Mikhail I. Eremets, Christoph Heil, Russell J. Hemley, Hanyu Liu, Yanming Ma, Carlo Pierleoni, Aleksey N. Kolmogorov, Nikita Rybin, Dmitry Novoselov, Vladimir Anisimov, Artem R. OganovChris J. Pickard, Tiange Bi, Ryotaro Arita, Ion Errea, Camilla Pellegrini, Ryan Requist, E. K.U. Gross, Elena Roxana Margine, Stephen R. Xie, Yundi Quan, Ajinkya Hire, Laura Fanfarillo, G. R. Stewart, J. J. Hamlin, Valentin Stanev, Renato S. Gonnelli, Erik Piatti, Davide Romanin, Dario Daghero, Roser Valenti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Designing materials with advanced functionalities is the main focus of contemporary solid-state physics and chemistry. Research efforts worldwide are funneled into a few high-end goals, one of the oldest, and most fascinating of which is the search for an ambient temperature superconductor (A-SC). The reason is clear: superconductivity at ambient conditions implies being able to handle, measure and access a single, coherent, macroscopic quantum mechanical state without the limitations associated with cryogenics and pressurization. This would not only open exciting avenues for fundamental research, but also pave the road for a wide range of technological applications, affecting strategic areas such as energy conservation and climate change. In this roadmap we have collected contributions from many of the main actors working on superconductivity, and asked them to share their personal viewpoint on the field. The hope is that this article will serve not only as an instantaneous picture of the status of research, but also as a true roadmap defining the main long-term theoretical and experimental challenges that lie ahead. Interestingly, although the current research in superconductor design is dominated by conventional (phonon-mediated) superconductors, there seems to be a widespread consensus that achieving A-SC may require different pairing mechanisms. In memoriam, to Neil Ashcroft, who inspired us all.

Original languageEnglish
Article number183002
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2022


  • crystal structure prediction
  • electron-phonon interaction
  • hydrides
  • novel superconductors
  • superconductivity
  • superconductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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