## Abstract

The last decade witnessed several pivotal results on random inference problems where the aim is to learn a hidden ground truth from indirect randomised observations; much of this research has been guided by statistical physics intuition. Prominent examples include the stochastic block model, low-density parity check codes or compressed sensing. In all random inference problems studied so far the posterior distribution of the ground truth given the observations appears to enjoy a key property called \strong replica symmetry". This means that the overlap of the posterior distribution with the ground truth (basically the number of bits that can be learned correctly) concentrates on a deterministic value. Whether this is generally true has been an open question. In this paper we discover an example of an inference problem based on a very simple random matrix over F2 that fails to exhibit strong replica symmetry. Beyond its impact on random inference problems, the random matrix model, reminiscent of the binomial Erd}os-Rfienyi random graph, gives rise to a natural random constraint satisfaction problem related to the intensely studied random k-XORSAT problem.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Title of host publication | Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms |

Publisher | Association of Computing Machinery |

Pages | 822-833 |

Number of pages | 12 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781611977073 |

Publication status | Published - 2022 |

Event | 33rd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms: SODA 2022 - Virtuell, United States Duration: 9 Jan 2022 → 12 Jan 2022 |

### Conference

Conference | 33rd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms |
---|---|

Abbreviated title | SODA 2022 |

Country/Territory | United States |

City | Virtuell |

Period | 9/01/22 → 12/01/22 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software
- Mathematics(all)