Thermal behaviour of TiOy/HAp nanocomposites

S. V. Rempel*, D. A. Eselevich, H. Schroettner, A. A. Valeeva, A. A. Rempel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The structural and microstructural characteristics and thermal behaviour of TiOy/HAp nanocomposite materials used for tissue engineering have been studied by differential and thermal gravimetric analyses (DTA–TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) phase analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) methods. Substoichiometric TiO0.92 and superstoichiometric TiO1.23 were used in amounts of 10 and 20 wt %, respectively, to reinforce HAp. When the temperature increased as a result of interactions between the matrix and the introduced nanoparticles, titanium monoxide was oxidized to titanium dioxide. Comparing the DTA–TGA and XRD results allowed us to determine the temperature intervals of the beginning of the titanium valence variation and phase transitions occurring in the nanocomposites. The onset temperatures of HAp decomposition and TiOy oxidation depend on the initial stoichiometry of titanium monoxide and the composition of the reinforcing additive. The TiOy additives have a stabilizing effect on HAp. The effect of the additive stoichiometry on the interactions between the matrix and nanoparticles in the whole temperature range is shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9613-9619
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number7
Early online date14 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Nanocomposite
  • Phase transitions
  • Stoichiometry
  • Tissue engineering
  • Titanium monoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)

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