Toward Driver State Models that Explain Interindividual Variability of Distraction for Adaptive Automation

Margit Höfler, Peter Moertl

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


Although there exist many models of distracted driving, identifying a distracted driver is still challenging as distraction might appear differently for different drivers but also within an individual driver in different situations. Here we present a driver state model that focusses on safety-relevant driver-distraction by conceptualizing driving control as influenced by both environmental factors and individual preferences. Also, the model differentiates compensatory control from exploratory control movements to better diagnose driving distraction. We then test several predictions that are derived from this model in a driving-simulator study. In this study participants drove the same road with or without a secondary task while their eye movements and driving performance was recorded. Our results are consistent with previous findings that overall steering control actions increase in the distraction condition but also that exploratory steering movements are apparently more sensitive indicators for distraction than compensatory control actions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHCI in Mobility, Transport, and Automotive Systems. Driving Behavior, Urban and Smart Mobility - 2nd International Conference, MobiTAS 2020, Held as Part of the 22nd HCI International Conference, HCII 2020, Proceedings
Subtitle of host publicationDriving Behavior, Urban and Smart Mobility. HCII 2020
EditorsHeidi Krömker
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventHCI International 2020: 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - Virtuell, Denmark
Duration: 19 Jul 202024 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science


ConferenceHCI International 2020


  • Control-action rates
  • Driver distraction
  • Driver state models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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