Toward Equitable Open Research: Stakeholder Co-created Recommendations for Research Institutions, Funders and Researchers

Nicki Lisa Cole*, Stefan Egon Reichmann, Tony Ross-Hellauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Open Research aims to make research more accessible, transparent, reproducible, shared and collaborative. Doing so is meant to democratize and diversify access to knowledge and knowledge production, and ensure that research is useful outside of academic contexts. Increasing equity is therefore a key aim of the Open Research movement, yet mounting evidence demonstrates that the practices of Open Research are implemented in ways that undermine this. In response, we convened a diverse community of researchers, research managers and funders to co-create actionable recommendations for supporting the equitable implementation of Open Research. Using a co-creative modified Delphi method, we generated consensus-driven recommendations that address three key problem areas: the resource-intensive nature of Open Research, the high cost of article processing charges, and obstructive reward and recognition practices at funders and research institutions that undermine the implementation of Open Research. In this paper, we provide an overview of these issues, a detailed description of the co-creative process, and present the recommendations and the debates that surrounded them. We discuss these recommendations in relation to other recently published ones and conclude that implementing ours requires 'global thinking' to ensure that a systemic and inclusive approach to change is taken.

Original languageEnglish
Article number221460
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • open science
  • open research
  • science policy
  • open access
  • Open data
  • open science recommendations
  • equity in science
  • meta-science
  • open science policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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