Towards the Power Synergy Hub (PSHub): Coordinating the energy dispatch of super grid by modified Benders decomposition

Zhao Yuan*, Sonja Wogrin, Mohammad Reza Hesamzadeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The challenge of operating ultra-large-scale power system or super grid is addressed in this paper. We set up the concept of power synergy hub (PSHub) serving as the operation hub coordinating the energy dispatch of multiple nations or regions across the continent to achieve global optimal targets. An efficient mechanism based on the modified Benders decomposition (BD) is proposed to coordinate the operations of national or regional power networks. The key contribution is that we take the total power outputs of regional power networks as the complicating variables to formulate the master problem and subproblems in the modified BD. Instead of using DC optimal power flow model (DC OPF), we propose to use convex AC optimal power flow model based on second-order cone programming (SOC-ACOPF) to operate the super grid. A comprehensive investigation proves that the SOC-ACOPF outperforms DC OPF in terms of accuracy. Numerical evaluations also show that our SOC-ACOPF model has stronger convergence capability and computational efficiency over other considered SOC-ACOPF models. The convergence of the modified BD is guaranteed by the convexity of SOC-ACOPF. A parallel computation framework in GAMS is proposed to assist real-time operation of the super grid. Compared with operating super grid in a centralized way, the modified BD approach shows stronger convergence capability, computational efficiency and robustness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1419-1434
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Energy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Energy dispatch
  • Modified Benders decomposition
  • Optimal power flow
  • Parallel computation
  • Power synergy hub
  • Super grid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Towards the Power Synergy Hub (PSHub): Coordinating the energy dispatch of super grid by modified Benders decomposition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this