Utilizing Schottky barriers to suppress short-channel effects in organic transistors

Anton Fernandez Fernandez, Karin Zojer

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ehavior. One of the undesired short-channel effects is an enlarged OFF current that is associated with a premature turn on of the transistor. We present an efficient approach to suppress the OFF current, defined as the current at zero gate source bias, in short-channel organic transistors. We employ two-dimensional device simulations based on the drift-diffusion model to demonstrate that intentionally incorporating a Schottky barrier for injection enhances the ON-OFF ratio in both staggered and coplanar transistor architectures. The Schottky barrier is identified to directly counteract the origin of enlarged OFF currents: Short channels promote a drain-induced barrier lowering. The latter permits unhindered injection of charges even at reverse gate-source bias. An additional Schottky barrier hampers injection for such points of operations. We explain how it is possible to find the Schottky barrier of the smallest height necessary to exactly compensate for the premature turn on. This approach offers a substantial enhancement of the ON-OFF ratio. We show that this roots in the fact that such optimal barrier heights offer an excellent compromise between an OFF current diminished by orders of magnitude and an only slightly reduced ON current.
We thank Egbert Zojer for useful discussions. Financial support has been provided by the Austrian Science Fund through the FWF Elise Richter fellowship (V317-N20). A.F.F. has received funding from the People Programme (Marie Curie actions) of the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 under Grant Agreement No. 607232 (THINFACE).
Original languageEnglish
Article number173302
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

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