Nonadiabatic Effects in the Molecular Oxidation of Subnanometric Cu5 Clusters

Alexander O. Mitrushchenkov, Alexandre Zanchet, Andreas W. Hauser*, María Pilar de Lara-Castells

*Korrespondierende/r Autor/-in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Beitrag in einer FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


The electronic structure of subnanometric clusters, far off the bulk regime, is still dominated by molecular characteristics. The spatial arrangement of the notoriously undercoordinated metal atoms is strongly coupled to the electronic properties of the system, which makes this class of materials particularly interesting for applications including luminescence, sensing, bioimaging, theranostics, energy conversion, catalysis, and photocatalysis. Opposing a common rule of thumb that assumes an increasing chemical reactivity with smaller cluster size, Cu5 clusters have proven to be exceptionally resistant to irreversible oxidation, i.e., the dissociative chemisorption of molecular oxygen. Besides providing reasons for this behavior in the case of heavy loading with molecular oxygen, we investigate the competition between physisorption and molecular chemisorption from the perspective of nonadiabatic effects. Landau–Zener theory is applied to the Cu5(O2)3 complex to estimate the probability for a switching between the electronic states correlating the neutral O2 + Cu5(O2)2 and the ionic O2– + (Cu5(O2)2)+ fragments in a diabatic representation. Our work demonstrates the involvement of strong nonadiabatic effects in the associated charge transfer process, which might be a common motive in reactions involving subnanometric metal structures.
Seiten (von - bis)9143-9150
FachzeitschriftThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 21 Okt. 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

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