A Morita-Baylis-Hillman based route to C-5a-chain-extended 4-epi-isofagomine type glycosidase inhibitors
*Corresponding author for this work
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
By Morita-Baylis-Hillman reaction of 2,3-O-isopropylidene-D-glyceraldehyde with α,β-unsaturated carbonyl as well as hetero analogous carbonyl compounds such as acrylonitrile, suitable precursors of isofagomine and of 4-epi-isofagomine are available. Elaboration of the structures by amine introduction, followed by intramolecular ring closure and subsequent hydroboration of the double bond provides 4-epi-isofagomine derivatives featuring chain extensions at C-5a which are determined by the structures of the carbonyl compounds employed. As an example, the synthesis of C-(5aR)- and C-(5aS)-5a-C-pentyl-4-epi-isofagomines, powerful inhibitors of β-galactosidases, is outlined. In line with reported data, the (C-5aR) epimer was found a highly potent experimental pharmacological chaperone for GM1-associated human lysosomal β-galactosidase mutant R201C.