AoA and ToA Accuracy for Antenna Arrays in Dense Multipath Channels

Thomas Wilding, Stefan Josef Grebien, Ulrich Mühlmann, Klaus Witrisal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


The accuracy that can be achieved in time of arrival (ToA) estimation strongly depends on the utilized signal bandwidth. In an indoor environment multipath propagation usually causes a degradation of the achievable accuracy due to the overlapping signals. A similar effect can be observed for the angle of arrival (AoA) estimation using arrays. This paper derives a closed-form equation for the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) of the achievable AoA and the ToA error variances, considering the presence of dense multipath. The Fisher information expressions for both parameters allows an evaluation of the influence of channel parameters and system parameters such as the array geometry. Our results demonstrate that the AoA estimation accuracy is strongly related to the signal bandwidth, due to the multipath influence. The theoretical results are evaluated with experimental data.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 8th International Conference on Localization and GNSS (ICL-GNSS)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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