Assessment of a novel numerical model for combustion and in-flight heating of particles in an industrial furnace

H. Gerhardter*, R. Prieler, B. Mayr, M. Landfahrer, M. Mühlböck, P. Tomazic, C. Hochenauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The key factors for efficient in-flight particle heating in a combusting flow were investigated within this paper for the development of a novel boiler slag bead production furnace. A natural gas fired industrial burner with a thermal input of 1.2MW was thus evaluated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The steady laminar flamelet model (SFM) and a detailed chemical reaction mechanism, considering 25 reversible chemical reactions and 17 species were used to account for the steady-state gas phase combustion. Measurements of gas temperature and flow velocity within the furnace were found to be in good accordance with the numerical results. In the second step, sintered bauxite beads were injected into the furnace as an experimental material and heated up in flight. The particle heating characteristics were investigated using the Discrete Phase Model (DPM). The computational results of the particle laden flow raised the issue that convective heat transfer is a key factor for efficient particle heating. At the burner chamber outlet, the temperature of a particle which had been injected into the burner flame was 178K higher compared to a particle, which trajectory led through zones with lower gas temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-827
JournalJournal of the Energy Institute
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Combustion modeling
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Discrete phase model
  • Particle heat transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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