Crash simulation of wood and composite wood for future automotive engineering

Ulrich Müller*, Thomas Jost, Christian Kurzböck, Alexander Stadlmann, Wolfgang Wagner, Stefan Karl Kirschbichler, Georg Baumann, Maximilian Pramreiter, Florian Feist

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multi material mix is a promising approach to reduce weight and the carbon footprint in automotive engineering at competitive costs. As a result, automotive industry is getting more venturous, exploring and applying other materials than metals and plastics-e.g. fibre reinforced plastics (FRPs). In this context, engineered wood products (EWPs) and wood composites should be considered: Wood composites provide high stiffness, strength, excellent damping, high resistance against fatigue and a very low density at low material costs. It is hypothesized that modern wood composites are competitive to metals and artificial fibre-reinforced materials when designed and applied properly. The application of wood and wood composites in automotive engineering calls for precise and reliable material data, required for initial material selection and later in numerical simulation. In this study, a material model normally used for modelling FRPs was adopted. A material database was generated for three hardwood species, to establish the required material parameters and validate material model. Results prove that wooden components can be simulated in crash situations and the selected material model is applicable, even in full vehicle simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-324
JournalWood Material Science and Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sept 2019


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