Crystal alignment of surface stabilized polymorph in thioindigo films

A. Rivalta, A. Giunchi, L. Pandolfi, T. Salzillo*, Simone D'agostino, O. Werzer, B. Schrode, N. Demitri, M. Mas-Torrent, A. Brillante, R. G. Della Valle, E. Venuti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thioindigo (2-(3-Oxo-1-benzothiophen-2(3H)-ylidene)-1-benzothiophen-3(2H)-one) is a synthetic dye related to the natural compound Indigo. Notwithstanding the interest aroused recently by its employment as a functional material in a number of applications, a satisfactory characterization of its solid state is still missing. In this work, we study the occurrence of the two thioindigo α and β polymorphs under various growth conditions, and find that their structural similarity implies they often coexist. However, whereas polymorph β is certainly predominant in the bulk phase, polymorph α grows preferentially on substrates, turning out to be the surface stabilized phase in highly homogeneous and ordered films obtained by the bar‐assisted meniscus shearing method (BAMS). DFT calculations support the experimental findings, aiding in the polymorph spectroscopic identification and to the interpretation of the order in the films of polymorph α.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107847
JournalDyes and Pigments
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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