Design of stable and new polysaccharide nanoparticles composite and their interaction with solid cellulose surfaces

Ivana Czabany, Silvo Hribernik, Matej Bračič, Manja Kurečič, Sabu Thomas, Karin Stana Kleinschek, Tamilselvan Mohan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study presents a simple and straightforward method for the preparation of aqueous-based stable polysaccharide-metal oxide nanoparticles composites — composed of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs), and their interaction with the cellulose surface, is presented. Using a combination of anionic polysaccharide CMC as a stabilizer agent and ultrasound probe sonication technique as an agitation tool, a highly stable dispersion of CMC/TiO2 NPs composites is prepared in water, with and without the presence of calcium chloride electrolyte, at various pH values. The results of the dynamic light scattering and the zeta-potential measurements showed that the quality, the stability of the dispersions and the hydrodynamic radius of the particles (ca, 200–300 nm) remain well-preserved for several weeks under normal storage conditions. The transmission electron microscope revealed that the morphology and size of the dry particles size (ca. 25–50 nm) remain unchanged and are not influenced by the addition of the stabilizer CMC, the electrolyte or the pH value of the solution. The presence of electrolyte and the low pH of the dispersions strongly favored an irreversible and enhanced deposition of CMC/TiO2 NPs on cellulose surface as showed by a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation. A linear correlation between the concentration of CMC and the adsorbed mass of polymer and NPs, and the water content of the adsorbed layers is observed. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy are combined to prove the successful immobilization of polymer and NPs on the cellulose surface. The knowledge gained from this study can be extended not only for the stabilization of various metal oxide nanoparticles but also for the development of green polymer/NPs composites, that may have the potential to be used as functional coatings in biomedical (e.g. wound dressing) applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100564
JournalNano-Structures and Nano-Objects
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • Adsorption
  • Carboxmethyl cellulose
  • QCM-D
  • Thin films
  • Titanium dioxide nanoparticles
  • Water content
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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