Development of a novel device for analysis of high-speed cutting processes considering the influence of dynamic factors

Ondrej Dvoracek*, Daniel Lechowicz, Thomas Krenke, Boris Möseler, Jan Tippner, Franz Haas, Gerhard Emsenhuber, Stephan Frybort

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Previous methods for the investigation of high-speed cutting processes for bio-based materials failed since essential principles for the investigation of dynamic processes have not been taken into account. The novel self-developed device, based on the principle of a rotor arm, enables a detailed analysis of cutting processes. The rotor arm has a diameter of 4 m, enabling precise analysis of cutting processes. The device enables analysis of speeds up to 100 m/s of the more or less linear cutting process. Stiffness of the set-up, the natural frequency of the system, and a series of cuts per test may cause a convoluted signal demanding dynamic calibration of the measurement chain. The newly developed device enables the conduction of single cuts per examination at relatively high speed. Thus, the influence of the previous cut is eliminated. Previous research has not provided a possibility to study linear cutting processes at the mentioned velocity. The accuracy of the device was proven within various examinations. A correction based on real chip thickness measurement was applied. Finally cutting of beech, using a wide set of parameters, was examined. The cutting forces of the beech sample increased linearly with chip thickness. Nevertheless, the influence of velocity showed non-linear progression. The smallest force was observed at 20 m/s. From this cutting speed, force always increased when velocity was changed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1685-1697
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number5-6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Cutting forces
  • Disintegration analysis
  • Linear cut
  • Wood machining

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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