Development of a numerically efficient approach based on coupled CFD/FEM analysis for virtual fire resistance tests—Part B: Deformation process of a steel structure

Rene Prieler*, Hannes Gerhardter, Martin Landfahrer, Christian Gaber, Christoph Schluckner, Markus Eichhorn-Gruber, Günther Schwabegger, Christoph Hochenauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the present study, the structural analysis of a three-parted steel door during a fire resistance test was examined by FEM simulation. The structural analysis is part of a coupled CFD/FEM simulation approach developed for the prediction of fire resistance tests. The basis of this follow-up work was the calculated temperature in the test specimen from CFD to predict the thermal stresses, deformation and gap formation between the door parts. The spatial information of the temperature in the test specimen was exported. Subsequently, the thermal expansion of the door and the resulting stresses and gaps were calculated. To validate the FEM simulation, the deformation of the steel door was observed. It was found that the simulation predicted the deformation of the steel door in close accordance to the measurement. The maximum displacement was found in the centre of the construction with 141 mm, whereas the simulation predicted a value of 133 mm. In addition to the deformation of the door, also the prediction of the gap formation was validated against the flue gas leakage. The first flue gas exit occurred already after 120 seconds, which was in spatial and temporal conjunction with the maximum gap predicted in the simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-723
Number of pages20
JournalFire and Materials
Issue number5
Early online date1 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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