Development of a Procedure to Compare Kinematics of Human Body Models for Pedestrian Simulations

Corina Klug, Florian Feist, Marco Raffler, Wolfgang Sinz, Philippe Petit, James Ellway, Michiel van Ratingen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


As Human Body Models are gaining increasingly relevance for the purpose of rating safety performance, it is essential that they behave consistently. Therefore, an objective method to compare human body models is needed. In this study a procedure to compare objectively human body kinematics was developed. Representative generic vehicle models were developed to simulate relevant pedestrian impacts. In a sensitivity study key boundary conditions influencing the head trajectory and contact time - such as the initial posture of the human body model or contact settings- were determined. Based on that findings a standardised procedure was developed and applied by propelling four generic vehicles at three impact velocities (30, 40 and 50 km/h) against two human body models (THUMS AM50 v4.02 and GHBMC M50 PS v1.4) in LS-Dyna. Trajectories of selected bony landmarks, head contact time and contact forces between the vehicle and the human body model were compared. Applying the developed procedure, the two human body models showed very comparable results in terms of trajectories and contact forces which gives the authors confidence in the robustness of the procedure developed and the models used.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sept 2017
EventInternational Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury: IRCOBI 2017 - Antwerp, Belgium
Duration: 13 Sept 201715 Sept 2017
Conference number: 2017


ConferenceInternational Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury
Abbreviated titleIRCOBI
OtherIRCOBI Conference
Internet address


  • Human Body Models
  • Euro NCAP
  • Virtual Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production


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