Differences Between Cotton and Viscose Fibers Crosslinked with BTCA

Olivera Šauperl*, Karin Stana Kleinschek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Presently polycarboxylic acids are being used for cellulose crosslinking. Among these, 1,2,3,4-buthanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) is the most effective in combination with a corresponding catalyst. In this research, a comparison of crosslinking effects on mercerized cotton fibers and viscose was identified using certain physical— chemical methods. The extent of crosslinking was evaluated using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The crosslinking of cellulose increases wrinkle resistance and reduces the mechanical properties, therefore, for this purpose the wrinkle recovery angle and the breaking force, was evaluated together with breaking elongation. When considering the crosslinking mechanism, those additional free BTCA carboxyl groups that are accessible in the cellulose polymer reflect the effectiveness of cotton-fiber crosslinking. The evaluation of accessible carboxyl was performed using the methylene blue method, where the adsorption of methylene blue dye on the cellulose material was monitored spectroscopically. The purpose of this research is mainly (i) to evaluate how different types of cellulose matrices/substrates influence the crosslinking of fibers crosslinked with different mass fractions of BTCA and (ii) to establish the most appropriate mass fraction of BTCA in the impregnation bath for sufficient crosslinking of mercerized cotton fibers, as well as viscose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-392
Number of pages10
JournalTextile research journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • breaking elongation
  • breaking force
  • BTCA
  • FT-IR
  • mercerized cotton fibers
  • methylene blue method
  • viscose fibers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


Dive into the research topics of 'Differences Between Cotton and Viscose Fibers Crosslinked with BTCA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this