Digital Current Controller for a 1 MHz, 10 kW Three-Phase VIENNA Rectifier

Michael Hartmann, Simon D. Round, Hans Ertl, Johann W. Kolar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Active three-phase rectifiers operated at switching frequencies of 500 kHz and above, in order to increase their power density, require high-speed current controllers. If these current controllers are implemented purely digitally, which is well established today for 20-200 kHz converter systems, then very high numerical data processing demands result. In this paper, two different types of field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) are evaluated for realizing high-speed converter current control. For the implementation of such controllers, not only the FPGA has to be considered but rather the entire signal chain. Two alternative A/D interfaces (including high-speed low-voltage differential signaling data transmission) that are able to handle data sampling rates up to 25 MSa/s are verified. Subsequently, a digital current controller is designed and it is shown how hardware multiplier blocks of modern FPGAs can be used advantageously. Furthermore, the FPGA implementation of high-resolution pulsewidth modulation providing symmetrical pulse patterns for high switching frequencies is described. Measurements taken from a 10 kW VIENNA rectifier laboratory prototype finally demonstrate the high performance of the proposed control concept and show that a low mains current total harmonic distortion of 1.4% can be achieved for such ultrahigh switching frequency converters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2496-2508
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes


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