EGM TIM RL05: An Independent Geoid with Centimeter Accuracy Purely Based on the GOCE Mission

Jan Martin Brockmann*, Norbert Zehentner, Eduard Höck, Roland Pail, Ina Loth, Torsten Mayer-Gürr, Wolf-Dieter Schuh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


After more than 4.5 years in orbit, the Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) mission ended with the reentry of the satellite on 11 November 2013. This publication serves as a reference for the fifth gravity field model based on the time-wise approach (EGM_TIM_RL05), a global model only determined from GOCE observations. Due to its independence of any other gravity data, a consistent and homogeneous set of spherical harmonic coefficients up to degree and order 280 (corresponding to spatial resolution of 71.5 km on ground) is provided including a full covariance matrix characterizing the uncertainties of the model. The associated covariance matrix realistically describes the model quality. It is the first model which is purely based on GOCE including all observations collected during the entire mission. The achieved mean global accuracy is 2.4 cm in terms of geoid heights and 0.7 mGal for gravity anomalies at a spatial resolution of 100 km.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8089–8099
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fields of Expertise

  • Information, Communication & Computing

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)

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