Electrochemical Behavior of Graphene in a Deep Eutectic Solvent

David Fuchs, Bernhard C Bayer*, Tushar Gupta, Gabriel Szabo, Richard A Wilhelm, Dominik Eder, Jannik C Meyer, Sandra Steiner, Bernhard Gollas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Graphene electrodes and deep eutectic solvents (DES) are two emerging materials systems that have individually shown highly promising properties in electrochemical applications. To date, however, it has not been tested whether the combination of graphene and DES can yield synergistic effects in electrochemistry. We therefore study the electrochemical behavior of a defined chemical vapor deposited (CVD) graphene monolayer of centimeter-scale, transferred onto insulating SiO2/Si supports, in the common DES choline chloride/ethylene glycol (12CE) under typical electrochemical conditions. We measure the graphene potential window in 12CE and estimate the apparent electron transfer kinetics of an outer-sphere redox couple. We further explore the applicability of the 12CE electrolyte to fabricate nanostructured metal (Zn) and metalloid (Ge) hybrids with graphene by electrodeposition. By comparing our graphene electrodes with common bulk glassy carbon electrodes, a key finding we make is that the two-dimensional nature of the graphene electrodes has a clear impact on DES-based electrochemistry. Thereby we provide a first framework towards rational optimization of graphene-DES systems for electrochemical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40937-40948
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Issue number36
Early online date11 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sept 2020


  • deep eutectic solvent
  • electrochemistry
  • electrodeposition
  • germanium
  • graphene
  • zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)
  • Experimental


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