Harmonic Phase Estimation in Single-Channel Speech Enhancement Using Phase Decomposition and SNR Information

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n conventional single-channel speech enhancement, typically the noisy spectral amplitude is modified while the noisy phase is used to reconstruct the enhanced signal. Several recent attempts have shown the effectiveness of utilizing an improved spectral phase for phase-aware speech enhancement and consequently its positive impact on the perceived speech quality. In this paper, we present a harmonic phase estimation method relying on fundamental frequency and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) information estimated from noisy speech. The proposed method relies on SNR-based time-frequency smoothing of the unwrapped phase obtained from the decomposition of the noisy phase. To incorporate the uncertainty in the estimated phase due to unreliable voicing decision and SNR estimate, we propose a binary hypothesis test assuming speech-present and speech-absent classes representing high and low SNRs. The effectiveness of the proposed phase estimation method is evaluated for both phase-only enhancement of noisy speech and in combination with an amplitude-only enhancement scheme. We show that by enhancing the noisy phase both perceived speech quality as well as speech intelligibility are improved as predicted by the instrumental metrics and justified by subjective listening tests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1521-1532
JournalIEEE Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fields of Expertise

  • Information, Communication & Computing


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