A series of electronically modified second-generation cis-dichloro ruthenium ester chelating benzylidene complexes was prepared, characterized, and benchmarked in a typical ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) experiment. The electronic tuning of the parent chelating benzylidene ligand (2-ethyl ester benzylidene) was achieved by substitution at the 4- and 5-positions with electron-withdrawing nitro or electron-donating methoxy groups. The effect of the electronic tuning on the cis–trans isomerization process was studied experimentally and theoretically. Density functional theory calculations clearly revealed the influence of electronic modification on the relative stability between the cis and trans isomers, which is decisive for the activity of the studied compounds as initiators in ROMP.
Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)
- Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)