Improving the granule strength of roller-compacted ibuprofen sodium for hot-melt coating processing

Diogo Gomes Lopes, V. Garsuch, K. Becker , Amrit Paudel, Michael Stehr, Andreas Zimmer, Sharareh Salar-Behzadi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Solvent-free hot-melt coating processing is a novel and cost-efficient approach to manufacturing taste-masked multiparticulate systems. However, most API powders are fine and cohesive and not processable by hot-melt coating. The aim of this study was to produce dense and abrasion-resistant granules with high drug content (>80%) via roller compaction for hot-melt coating process optimization. The selected API was ibuprofen sodium dihydrate, a salt of ibuprofen with improved bioavailability and poor intrinsic compactibility. The formulation and roller compaction process were developed for the production of granules with 94%w/w of API and low friability (∼30%), using sorbitol and isomalt as excipients. The strong bonding mechanism relied on powder jamming prior to the rollers and was investigated via scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and small and wide angle X-ray scattering. It was shown that sorbitol crystals are solubilized during roller compaction and recrystallize as sorbitol hydrate, acting as strong solid bridges. The robustness of the roller compaction process and the re-compaction of fines were investigated. A statistical design of experiments was conducted to evaluate the hot-melt coating process for taste masking of ibuprofen sodium granules. Taste masking required coating ratios higher than 40%w/w of granule batch, emphasizing the need for high-drug-content and abrasion-resistant granules.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-295
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2016

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