Influence of electrolyte presence on the vibration behavior of a Li-ion pouch cell and on the mechanical characteristics of its incorporated Al2O3 -coated polyolefin separator

Patrick Maria Kolm*, Marco Behmer, Philip Kargl, Christoph Breitfuß

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Quality improvement of battery crash simulation models is essential for realistic mechanically induced shortcircuit prediction in modern electric vehicles, where the battery is part of the load path. In this paper, the electrolyte influence on the mechanical behavior of a commercial pouch cell and its incorporated Al2O3
-coated separator is investigated. To mechanically characterize the separator, both compression and tensile tests were performed. Modal analyses were performed to determine the damping behavior and dynamic stiffness of a
normally conditioned cell (wet) and a cell without electrolyte (dry). In the tensile tests, a slight anisotropy and an increase in stiffness, triggered by higher test speeds, were observed. The wet specimens soaked in substitute
electrolyte mixture showed longer elongation to failure with a stiffer response than the dry specimens under tensile loading. In the compression tests, exactly the opposite mechanical response of wet and dry specimens was measured. From the modal analyses, a stiffening of the dry cell could be determined. Based on the component tests, a finite element model of the separator was developed in LS-DYNA, enabling prediction of the deformation behavior of the separator under mechanical loads — this can be further used in high-fidelity
cell simulation models
Original languageEnglish
Article number104249
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Al O -coated separator
  • Battery finite element modeling
  • Electrolyte presence
  • Lithium-ion pouch cell
  • Modal analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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