Interaction and structure in polyelectrolyte/clay multilayers: A QCM-D study

Gerald Findenig*, Rupert Kargl, Karin Stana-Kleinschek, Volker Ribitsch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study focuses on the investigation of the influence of the ionic strength on the internal structure, film forming behavior, and swelling properties of polyelectrolyte/clay multilayers. Layer-by-layer films were prepared with three different polyelectrolytes [polyethylenimine (PEI), polydiallyldimethylammoniumchloride (pDADMAC), and 2-hydroxy-3-trimethylammonium propyl chloride starch (HPMA starch)] in combination with laponite clay platelets on three different surfaces. All experiments were carried out at two different ionic strengths (30 mM or 500 mM NaCl). The experiments performed with strong polyelectrolytes revealed a higher film thickness and adsorbed masses of clay and polyelectrolyte at 500 mM NaCl. The films containing PEI showed different behavior and were considerably less sensitive to changes in the ionic strength. This was also reflected by the swelling behavior as demonstrated by quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) measurements. Films comprising PEI showed, in contrast to the other polyelectrolytes, much lower swelling in water leading to more compact and stable films in humid environments which is important for numerous applications of LbL clay coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8544-8553
Number of pages10
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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