LoLiMoT based MPC for air handling units in HVAC systems

Daniel Schwingshackl*, Jakob Rehrl, Martin Horn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper deals with the multi-input-multi-output (MIMO) control of an air handling unit (AHU) in an industrial heating ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) system. The temperature and the relative humidity of the supply air have to be controlled simultaneously. Due to the nonlinear behavior of such a AHU it is difficult to achieve satisfactory performance over the whole operating range using linear control. Therefore in this work a model predictive control (MPC) strategy based on a network of local linear models is proposed. A detailed mathematical model referred to as “physical model” of the AHU is derived from physical laws and is verified by measurements. By proper excitation of the physical model, the local linear models are determined using the so called LoLiMoT (Local Linear Model Tree)-algorithm. The proposed concept is compared to a conventional PI control strategy and its performance is demonstrated in simulation as well as on a real world test plant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-259
Number of pages10
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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