Monitoring Blending of Pharmaceutical Powders with Multipoint NIR Spectroscopy

Otto Scheibelhofer, Nikolaus Balak, Patrick Wahl, Daniel M. Koller, Benjamin J. Glasser, Johannes Khinast*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Blending of powders is a crucial step in the production of pharmaceutical solid dosage forms. The active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) is often a powder that is blended with other powders (excipients) in order to produce tablets. The blending efficiency is influenced by several external factors, such as the desired degree of homogeneity and the required blending time, which mainly depend on the properties of the blended materials and on the geometry of the blender. This experimental study investigates the mixing behavior of acetyl salicylic acid as an API and α-lactose monohydrate as an excipient for different filling orders and filling levels in a blender. A multiple near-infrared probe setup on a laboratory-scale blender is used to observe the powder composition quasi-simultaneously and in-line in up to six different positions of the blender. Partial least squares regression modeling was used for a quantitative analysis of the powder compositions in the different measurement positions. The end point for the investigated mixtures and measurement positions was determined via moving block standard deviation. Observing blending in different positions helped to detect good and poor mixing positions inside the blender that are affected by convective and diffusive mixing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-244
JournalAAPS PharmSciTech
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fields of Expertise

  • Sonstiges


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