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This work presents a wide-range, submicrowatt CMOS rectifier, which is designed to efficiently work at input power levels down to -31 dBm. The designed rectifier uses a novel threshold voltage compensation design, namely, the design of a custom-built single-stage rectifier that supplies a nanowatt current reference circuit. The generated bias current is mirrored to the core rectifier in order to precharge its CMOS diodes. The rectifier was optimized for a minimum number of gain stages while trying to minimize the overall input parasitic capacitance of the rectifier. The proposed CMOS rectifier was designed in an in-house 130-nm CMOS technology and includes a 1.6-kV human body level ESD protection at the input terminals. Measurements reveal a high 30% power conversion efficiency (PCE) over a wide input power range from -23 to -13 dBm for a 1- MΩ output load at 868 MHz. PCE of over 10% is achieved for a 1- MΩ load at an input power of -28 dBm. The enhanced startup at submicrowatt input power levels of the CMOS rectifier enables the design of an ultralow-power passive wake-up receiver. The measured sensitivity of -31 dBm for a 1-V output voltage across a capacitive load is the lowest reported in the literature so far.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2021|
- CMOS rectifier
- CMOS technology
- high-sensitivity rectifier
- passive wake-up receiver (WuRX)
- Radio frequency
- radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting
- Semiconductor device modeling
- submicrowatt circuit
- Threshold voltage
- threshold voltage compensation.
- Voltage measurement
- threshold voltage compensation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics
Fields of Expertise
- Information, Communication & Computing
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Bösch, W., Görtschacher, L. J., Pachler, W., Freidl, P. F., Khan, H. N., Gadringer, M. E., Greiner, P., Gentili, F., Glanzer, C., Grosinger, J., Fischbacher, R. B., Deutschmann, B., Shetty, D. & Romero Lopera, J.
1/04/13 → …
Project: Research area