Substituent effects in ditetrel alkyne analogues: Multiple vs. single bonded isomers.

Yang Peng, Roland C. Fischer, W. Alexander Merrill, Jelena Fischer, Lihung Pu, Bobby D. Ellis, James C. Fettinger, Rolfe H. Herber, Philip P. Power

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The synthesis and characterization of a series of digermynes and distannynes stabilized by terphenyl ligands are described. The ligands are based on the Ar' (Ar' = C6H3-2,6(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)2) or Ar* (Ar* = C6H3-2,6(C6H2-2,4,6-iPr3)2) platforms which were modified at the meta or para positions of their central aryl rings to yield 4-X-Ar' (4-X-Ar' = 4-X-C6H2-2,6(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)2, X = H, F, Cl, OMe, tBu, SiMe3, GeMe3) and 3,5-iPr2-Ar' or Ar* and 3,5-iPr2-Ar*. The compds. were synthesized by redn. of the terphenyl germanium(II) or tin(II) halide precursors with a variety of reducing agents. The precursors were obtained by the reaction of one equiv. of the lithium terphenyl with GeCl2 dioxane or SnCl2. For germanium, their x-ray crystal structures showed them to be either Ge-Ge bonded dimers with trans-pyramidal geometries or V-shaped monomers. In contrast, the terphenyl tin halides had no tin-tin bonding but existed either as halide bridged dimers or V-shaped monomers. Redn. with a variety of reducing agents afforded the digermynes ArGeGeAr (Ar = 4-Cl-Ar', 4-SiMe3-Ar' or 3,5-iPr2-Ar*) or the distannynes ArSnSnAr (Ar = 4-F-Ar', 4-Cl-Ar', 4-MeO-Ar', 4-tBu-Ar', 4-SiMe3-Ar', 4-GeMe3-Ar', 3,5-iPr2-Ar', 3,5-iPr2-Ar*), which were characterized structurally and spectroscopically. The digermynes display planar trans-bent core geometries with Ge-Ge distances near 2.26 Å and bending angles near 128° consistent with Ge-Ge multiple bonding. In contrast, the distannynes had either multiple bonded geometries with Sn-Sn distances that averaged 2.65 Å and an av. bending angle near 123.8°, or single bonded geometries with a Sn-Sn bond length near 3.06 Å and a bending angle near 98°. The 3,5-iPr2-Ar*SnSnAr*-3,5-iPr2 species had an intermediate structure with a longer multiple bond near 2.73 Å and a variable torsion angle (14-28°) between the tin coordination planes. Moessbauer data for the multiple and single bonded species displayed similar isomer shifts but had different quadrupole splittings. [on SciFinder(R)]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-468
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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