The influence of In-VR questionnaire design on the user experience

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


Researchers study the user experience in Virtual Reality (VR) typically by collecting either sensory data or using questionnaires. While traditional questionnaire formats present it through web-based survey tools (out-VR), recent studies investigate the effects of presenting questionnaires directly in the virtual environment (in-VR). The in-VR questionnaire can be defined as an implemented user-interface object that allows interaction with questionnaires in VR that do not break the immersion. Integrating questionnaires directly into the virtual environment, however, also challenges design decisions. While most previous research presents in-VR questionnaires in the form of 2D panels in the virtual environment, we want to investigate the difference from such traditional formats to a presentation of a questionnaire format in the form of an interactive object as part of the environment. Accordingly, we evaluate and compare two different in-VR questionnaire designs and a traditional web-based form (out-VR) to assess user experience, the effect on presence, duration of completing the questionnaires, and users’ preferences. As the means for achieving this goal, we developed an immersive questionnaire toolkit that provides a general solution for implementing in-VR questionnaires and exchanging data with popular survey services. This toolkit enables us to run our study both on-site and remotely. As a first small study, 16 users, either on-site or remotely, attended by completing the System Usability Scale, NASA TLX, and the iGroup Presence Questionnaire after a playful activity. The first results indicate that there is no significant difference in the case of usability and presence between different design layouts. Furthermore, we could not find a significant difference also for the task load except between 2D and web-based layout for mental demand and frustration as well as the duration of completing the questionnaire. The results also indicate that users generally prefer in-VR questionnaire designs to the traditional ones. The study can be expanded to include more participants in user studies as a means of gaining more concrete results. Furthermore, additional questionnaire design alternatives can also help to provide us with a more usable and accurate questionnaire design in VR.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - VRST 2021
Subtitle of host publication27th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology
EditorsStephen N. Spencer
PublisherAssociation of Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450390927
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2021
Event27th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology: VRST 2021 - Virtuell, Austria
Duration: 8 Dec 202110 Dec 2021


Conference27th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology
Abbreviated titleVRST 2021


  • 3D User Interface
  • Presence
  • Questionnaires
  • Virtual Reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software


Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of In-VR questionnaire design on the user experience'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this