We study the semigroup generated by the hypoelliptic Laplacian on the circle and the maximal bounded holomorphic extension of this semigroup. Using an orthogonal decomposition into harmonic oscillators with complex shifts, we describe the domain of this extension and we show that boundedness in a half plane corresponds to absolute convergence of the expansion of the semigroup in eigenfunctions. This relies on a novel integral formula for the spectral projections which also gives asymptotics for Laguerre polynomials in a large parameter regime.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Mathematical Physics