User Feedback for Energy Efficiency in Buildings

Michael Monsberger, Daniela Koppelhuber, Siegfried Pabst, Vedran Sabol, Heimo Gursch, Elke Schlager, Oliver Prentner, Santokh Singh, Michael Herzlieb, Michael Wedam

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Energy efficiency plays an important role in the building sector. According to the European Commission, buildings account for 40 % of energy consumption and 36 % of CO2 emissions in the European Union. Studies have shown that a change in user behavior can reduce energy consumption by up to 15 %. Previous research projects used information and communication technologies to analyze and influence user behavior. However, the subjective well-being of building users has only been considered rudimentarily so far. The objective of this research project was to develop mobile applications that allow building users to give comprehensive feedback about the indoor climate, e.g. with regard to thermal comfort, functionality of building services, acoustics etc. For this purpose, a new user feedback system was designed in this project and a proof of concept was undertaken. The data obtained by the feedback system were combined with the correlating measured room conditions. Data analysis methods were subsequently used to identify inefficient operating modes. Moreover, the user feedback data was used to optimize set points of building services systems. The overall objective was the proof of concept of such a user feedback system and to investigate its potential for increasing the energy efficiency and comfort in buildings. The functional model of the user feedback system developed in the FEELings project was tested in two different use cases in order to demonstrate the general applicability. The test phase showed that the implemented user feedback system is suitable for collecting comprehensive feedback from building users. In combination with measurement data of indoor climate conditions and operating states of building services systems, it can also be used to derive recommendations for building operators and generate control signals for building automation systems. The project also showed that energy savings can be achieved by involving the building users. In case of the use case Campus TU Graz, concrete measures were taken to increase the energy efficiency of buildings. Throughout the FEELings project, aspects of privacy played an important role. The research project was used to examine the impact of such a feedback system on privacy issues. The project results highlight the potential of the FEELings system. The developed system was comprehensively tested; the concept was evaluated and positively accepted by the users. As a follow-up of this research project, the next step could be the development of a prototype.
Original languageGerman
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Publication series

NameBerichte aus Energie- und Umweltforschung
PublisherMedieninhaber, Verleger und Herausgeber: Bundesministerium für Klimaschutz, Umwelt, Energie, Mobilität, Innovation und Technologie (BMK) Radetzkystraße 2, 1030 Wien

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems

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