Application of LSPIV to measure supercritical flow in steep channels with low relative submergence

Farhad Akbarpour*, Manoochehr Fathi-Moghadam, Josef Schneider

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Measuring flow discharge has always been one of the most important concerns of water experts. To measure discharge in streams using velocity-area method it is necessary to quantify average velocity of the flow. It is not feasible to measure velocity by contact approaches like current meters under certain conditions such as in flood periods or for very shallow flows. Flow surface image velocimetry methods as non-intrusive solutions have recently been widely utilized to measure discharge in open channels. One of these methods is a variety of PIV method named LSPIV which has been very popular due to the elimination of laser application. In this study, LSPIV was used to measure 2D velocity field over the surface of steep supercritical flow. The obtained surface velocity data were used to calculate Velocity Index (VI) which is multiplied by surface velocity to convert it to mean velocity and subsequently flow discharge. Also, a few relations were proposed to calculate the VI according to the slope and relative submergence. Since, Velocity Index has been so far mostly studied for subcritical conditions, results of this study may be applied for measuring supercritical flows. Eventually, the proposed method was verified to be used for discharge measurement and was proven quite precise in this regard.
Original languageEnglish
Article number 101718
JournalFlow Measurement and Instrumentation
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Flow measurement
  • Open channel
  • Steep flume
  • Supercritical flow
  • Velocity index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modelling and Simulation

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