Palladium-Nickel Electrocatalysts on Nitrogen-Doped Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanosheets for Direct Hydrazine/Hydrogen Peroxide Fuel Cells

Ghasem Hosseini, Vahid Daneshvariesfahlan, Hossein Aghajani, Sigrid Wolf, Viktor Hacker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the present work, nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide-supported (NrGO) bimetallic Pd–Ni nanoparticles (NPs), fabricated by means of the electrochemical reduction method, are investigated as an anode electrocatalyst in direct hydrazine–hydrogen peroxide fuel cells (DHzHPFCs). The surface and structural characterization of the synthesized catalyst affirm the uniform deposition of NPs on the distorted NrGO. The electrochemical studies indicate that the hydrazine oxidation current density on Pd–Ni/NrGO is 1.81 times higher than that of Pd/NrGO. The onset potential of hydrazine oxidation on the bimetallic catalyst is also slightly more negative, i.e., the catalyst activity and stability are improved by Ni incorporation into the Pd network. Moreover, the Pd–Ni/NrGO catalyst has a large electrochemical surface area, a low activation energy value and a low resistance of charge transfer. Finally, a systematic investigation of DHzHPFC with Pd–Ni/NrGO as an anode and Pt/C as a cathode is performed; the open circuit voltage of 1.80 V and a supreme power density of 216.71 mW cm−2 is obtained for the synthesized catalyst at 60 °C. These results show that the Pd–Ni/NrGO nanocatalyst has great potential to serve as an effective and stable catalyst with low Pd content for application in DHzHPFCs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1372
Number of pages22
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2021


  • Anode
  • Direct hydrazine fuel cell
  • Hydrazine electrooxidation
  • Nitrogen-doped reduced gra-phene oxide
  • Pd–Ni nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production

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